Global Mindedness Scale (GMS)

Subgroup Size

Entire group


15 minutes

External Cost



Hett, E.J. (1993). The development of an instrument to measure global-mindedness (Order No. 9408210) [Doctoral dissertation, University of San Diego]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.


This instrument is also referenced in two-open source research articles on measuring outcomes of study abroad. Please see Links section of this listing.

This assessment measures: 1. Five facets of global-mindedness (responsibility, cultural pluralism, efficacy, global-centrism, interconnectedness). 

Instructors or learners who access the instrument will be better able to differentiate between the commonly confused concepts of "Intercultural Competence" and "Global Citizenship.