Heinerichs, S., Cattano, N. M. & Morrison, K. E. (2013). Assessing nonverbal communication skills through video recording and debriefing of clinical skill simulation exams. Athletic Training Education Journal, 8(1), 17-22.
This assessment measures: 1. A clinician's "bedside manner," tone of voice, facial expression, posture, zone of proximity, and distracting or negative body language.