iLEAD Pre-Loneliness/Belongingness Survey

Subgroup Size

Entire group


10 minutes

External Cost



This assessment survey was adapted by Dr. Daniel Jones, CILMAR, from the following:


Wu, C. & Yao, G. (2008). Psychometric analysis of the short-form UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) in Taiwanese undergraduate students. Personality and Individual Differences44(8), 1762-1771.


Anderson-Butcher, D., & Conroy, D. E. (2002). Factorial and Criterion Validity of Scores of a Measure of Belonging in Youth Development Programs. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 62(5), 857–876.

This assessment measures: 1. Participants' general sense of belongingness and loneliness.